Under Qualified Immunity Doctrine public officers and employees are shielded from liability for negligent performance of discretionary acts in good faith and within the scope of their authority.  Discretionary acts involves the exercise of discretion and judgment or personal deliberation.  Ministerial acts is one that is absolutely certain and imperative- involving merely the execution of specific acts arising from fixed and specific facts.  If you have been wronged by a government employee or agency or you have suffered a violation of your civil rights please call me to discuss your options.