CAN THE POLICE FORCE ME TO TAKE A BLOOD TEST?

MORE BAD NEWS FOR THE FOURTH AMENDMENT THE ALTERNATIVE EXCEPTION The Fourth Amendment Exclusionary Rule has always excluded primary evidence discovered by an illegal search and evidence later discovered which is derivative of the illegality. One exception to this rule...

WHEN CAN THE POLICE SEARCH YOUR CELL PHONE?

Your cell phone stores vast amounts of personal information, pictures, passwords, financial dates, employment history, medical history and sensitive correspondences. This information is private and you do not want to share it with the government. The Fourth Amendment...

CLASSIFICATION OF DRUGS/ CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

The FDA classifies drugs into five categories. The categories are based on risk and harm. Drugs which can be very harmful to a person and also pose very little health benefits are classified as Schedule I drugs. Drugs are identified into one of the five categories...

WHAT IS “RELEVANT” EVIDENCE?

In order for evidence to be used in a courtroom, the trial judge must agree that it is “relevant evidence.” To be considered relevant the evidence must have “any tendency” to make the existence of any fact that is of consequence to the...

Ban the Box law

The purpose of ‘Ban the Box’ laws is to provide better employment opportunities for those with an arrest or conviction. Approximately 25% of adults in the United States have an arrest or conviction. That’s over 65 million people with little hope for meaningful...

Search Warrants

Search Warrants Anyone that’s watched television has at least a vague notion of the purpose of a search warrant. In general terms, a search warrant is provided by a judge and authorizes law enforcement personnel to search for specific items at specific location during...